Law of Contract I
The course is concerned with the nature of contract and contract obligations. Against the background of the fundamental notion of freedom and equality of bargaining strength, the common rules and statutes, if any, governing the formation of contract offer, acceptance, consideration and intention to create legal relations are examined together with the contexts of the contracts as evidenced in express terms, implied terms, excluding and limiting terms, the doctrine of fundament breach and contractual capacity.
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The courses offered by the Faculty of Law lead to the Bachelor of Laws Degree denoted as LL.B.
(a)Ten semesters in the case of full-time students admitted by UTME.
(b)Eight Semesters in the case of full-time students admitted by Direct Entry.
Instruction is by course quantified into course units, one course unit consists of fifteen hour lectures or tutorials or an equivalent combination of these types of instructions. The course are arranged in progressive order of difficulty or in levels of academic progress.
(a) No course shall carry less than one unit
(b) No course except Research Project shall carry more than four units.
(c) Progression to the next level is on merit
(d) Students can only register a maximum of 24 units of courses in a semester.
A University requirement course is a course which must be registered for and passed before a degree is awarded but which is not counted towards degree classification, for example, General African Studies (GAS) or Research Methodology (Audit course for 500 level students)
A compulsory course is a course which other than a University course must be registered for and passed by a student to obtain the degree.
An elective course is a course which may be taken to make up the minimum required number for units or to increase the number of units subject to the prescribed maximum allowed by these Regulations.
1. In order to be eligible for an award for the degree, a full time student admitted by Direct Entry must successfully complete courses to a minimum total of 154 units including the University required courses.
2. In order to be eligible for an award of the degree a full time student admitted by UTME must successfully complete courses minimum total of 192 units including the University requirement courses.
Admission into Courses
Admission into courses closes at the end of the third full week of each semester.
Withdrawal from Courses
A student may withdraw from a course without penalty any time up to and including the seventh full week of the semester. Student who withdraws after the seventh week will be deemed to have failed except in special cases approved by Senate unless he or she has been asked to withdraw from the Faculty.
Continuous Assessment (CA)
The system of continuous assessment through occasional written objective tests, term papers, seminar presentations, oral examinations and take home examination is applied in this university to legal studies. The progress of students in each course shall as much as possible, be continuously assessed by means of tests, written assignment, reports and such other means as may be appropriate and consistent with the objectives and conduct of the course. The score in each course to be allocated to the continuous assessment is 30 percentage of the total marks.
(1) Each course shall be graded on the basis of a maximum of 100 marks, 70% of which shall be assigned to the end-of-course examination, while 30% is assigned to continuous assessment. Continuous assessment marks shall not form part of the final
marks for the Research Project for final year students.
(2) The minimum pass mark in each course shall be 40%
(3) The marks obtained by each student in every course shall be assigned appropriate letter grades and grade points as follows:
Percentage Letter Grade
Score Grades Point
70-100 A 5
60 – 69 B 4
50 – 59 C 3
45 – 49 D 2
40 – 44 E 1
0 – 39 F 0
1. In order to make normal progress towards the degree, a student must pass all courses specified in this curriculum and obtain a grade point average of at least 1.0 in each semester.
2. Any student whose Cumulative Grade Point Average (CGPA) at the end of any two consecutive semesters is less than 1.0 shall be placed on academic probation until such time as his overall CGPA is raised to 1.0.
3. Any student who fails to achieve a CGPA of at least 1.0 at the end of any two consecutive semesters while on probation will be asked to withdraw from the Faculty.
Failure to take examination in courses registered for
A student who fails to take the examination in a course for which he has registered without a reason accepted to the Board of Studies of the Faculty is deemed to have failed in the course.
1. Each student will be assessed on the minimum total units including units for all the compulsory courses prescribed, together with extra units, if any.
2. The final result will be based on the results of all the years weighted equally and the degree classification will be based on the weighted CGPA as follows:
1st Class – CGPA – 4.50 – 5.00
2nd Class Upper Division – CGPA 3.50 – 4.49
2nd Class Lower Division – CGPA 2.40 – 3.49
3rd Class – CGPA 150 – 2.39
Pass – CGPA 1.00 – 1.49
3. The CGPA shall be obtained by:
(a) Multiplying the grade point assigned to the letter grade obtained in each course by the number of units assigned to the course to arrive at the weighted score for each course.
(b) Adding together the weighted scores for all courses taken up to that time, subject to the minimum requirements of the University but including all compulsory courses.
(c) Dividing the total weighted score by the total number or units.
(4) The cumulative Grade Average is the average of the Grade Points earned by the student in the programme. It is obtained by:
(a) Finding the total of Grade Points multiplied by the respective credit units for all the semesters, and
(b) Dividing that total by the total number of credits units for all the courses for which the student registered.