JIL 311

Human Rights I

Course ID
JIL 311
Okija Campus

Human Rights I


– What are human rights and how are they recognized?
– How do human rights norms develop? When do we know they exist?
– Can human rights be framed as a “common concern” or as “human dignity? Who
benefits from human rights? What is the impact of human rights?
– What are the possibilities and limitations for human rights as a means of pursuing global justice?

Culture and the Nature of Human Rights: the Universality Debate
– Why do we have human rights rather than a human duties movement? What alternative language could have been used?
– Is the language of rights and the content of right in the Universal Declaration of Human Rights (UDHR) universal? Or are the values that are incorporated in the UDHR particular to given cultures or states?
– How can we understand human rights in a cross-cultural context?
– How should we weigh individual women’s rights against the rights of a disadvantaged minority group? Should we have universal women’s rights?

Systems of Human Rights Protection
– How does the UN Charter address human rights and in what provisions? Are all human rights included?
– Compare the Charter’s human rights provisions with those of the UDHR. Are there any potential conflicts?
– What are the categories of human rights set out in the UDHR? What is the status of a declaration under international law? Is the UDHR legally binding?

The International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights (ICCPR) and the International Covenant on Economic Social and Cultural Rights (ICESCR)

– How does the ICCPR compare with the ICESCR?
– What is the time frame for for implementation of the ICESCR?
– Are civil and political rights of the individual the most basic and fundamental of
all human rights or is it desirable to establish a hierarchy of human rights?

Major human rights organs
– What are the organs of the UN charged with protecting human rights?
– What are the roles of these bodies?
– How does the UN investigate violations of human rights?
– How does the African Commission on Human and peoples’ Rights compare with
other regional human rights system?
– What is the complaints’ procedure of the human rights treaty bodies?

Non-state actors in human rights
– Who are non-state actors?
– At what level do NGOS operate (e.g., local, regional, international)? What factors determine which methods they employ at various levels?
– What are the dilemmas and challenges of NGOs in Nigeria and other third world countries?
– Are NGOs accountable and is this a problem?
– How independent are NGOs?
– What are “Truth Commission”?
– What are trans-national corporations?

Time Place Room Date Range Instructor
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The Faculty of Law offers a programme of undergraduate study leading to the degree of laws (LL.B).

Programme Offered
The courses offered by the Faculty of Law lead to the Bachelor of Laws Degree denoted as LL.B.

Duration of Programme

(a)Ten semesters in the case of full-time students admitted by UTME.
(b)Eight Semesters in the case of full-time students admitted by Direct Entry.

Course Credit System

Instruction is by course quantified into course units, one course unit consists of fifteen hour lectures or tutorials or an equivalent combination of these types of instructions. The course are arranged in progressive order of difficulty or in levels of academic progress.

(a) No course shall carry less than one unit
(b) No course except Research Project shall carry more than four units.
(c) Progression to the next level is on merit
(d) Students can only register a maximum of 24 units of courses in a semester.

University Requirement Courses

A University requirement course is a course which must be registered for and passed before a degree is awarded but which is not counted towards degree classification, for example, General African Studies (GAS) or Research Methodology (Audit course for 500 level students)

Compulsory Course

A compulsory course is a course which other than a University course must be registered for and passed by a student to obtain the degree.

Elective Course

An elective course is a course which may be taken to make up the minimum required number for units or to increase the number of units subject to the prescribed maximum allowed by these Regulations.

Graduation Requirements And Minimum Number Of Units

1. In order to be eligible for an award for the degree, a full time student admitted by Direct Entry must successfully complete courses to a minimum total of 154 units including the University required courses.

2. In order to be eligible for an award of the degree a full time student admitted by UTME must successfully complete courses minimum total of 192 units including the University requirement courses.

Admission into Courses
Admission into courses closes at the end of the third full week of each semester.

Withdrawal from Courses
A student may withdraw from a course without penalty any time up to and including the seventh full week of the semester. Student who withdraws after the seventh week will be deemed to have failed except in special cases approved by Senate unless he or she has been asked to withdraw from the Faculty.

Continuous Assessment (CA)
The system of continuous assessment through occasional written objective tests, term papers, seminar presentations, oral examinations and take home examination is applied in this university to legal studies. The progress of students in each course shall as much as possible, be continuously assessed by means of tests, written assignment, reports and such other means as may be appropriate and consistent with the objectives and conduct of the course. The score in each course to be allocated to the continuous assessment is 30 percentage of the total marks.

Final Marks
(1) Each course shall be graded on the basis of a maximum of 100 marks, 70% of which shall be assigned to the end-of-course examination, while 30% is assigned to continuous assessment. Continuous assessment marks shall not form part of the final
marks for the Research Project for final year students.
(2) The minimum pass mark in each course shall be 40%
(3) The marks obtained by each student in every course shall be assigned appropriate letter grades and grade points as follows:

Percentage Letter Grade
Score Grades Point
70-100 A 5
60 – 69 B 4
50 – 59 C 3
45 – 49 D 2
40 – 44 E 1
0 – 39 F 0

Academic Standing

1. In order to make normal progress towards the degree, a student must pass all courses specified in this curriculum and obtain a grade point average of at least 1.0 in each semester.

2. Any student whose Cumulative Grade Point Average (CGPA) at the end of any two consecutive semesters is less than 1.0 shall be placed on academic probation until such time as his overall CGPA is raised to 1.0.

3. Any student who fails to achieve a CGPA of at least 1.0 at the end of any two consecutive semesters while on probation will be asked to withdraw from the Faculty.

Failure to take examination in courses registered for

A student who fails to take the examination in a course for which he has registered without a reason accepted to the Board of Studies of the Faculty is deemed to have failed in the course.

Classification of Degree

1. Each student will be assessed on the minimum total units including units for all the compulsory courses prescribed, together with extra units, if any.

2. The final result will be based on the results of all the years weighted equally and the degree classification will be based on the weighted CGPA as follows:

1st Class CGPA 4.50 – 5.00
2nd Class Upper Division CGPA 3.50 4.49
2nd Class Lower Division CGPA 2.40 3.49
3rd Class CGPA 150 2.39
Pass CGPA 1.00 1.49

3. The CGPA shall be obtained by:

(a) Multiplying the grade point assigned to the letter grade obtained in each course by the number of units assigned to the course to arrive at the weighted score for each course.
(b) Adding together the weighted scores for all courses taken up to that time, subject to the minimum requirements of the University but including all compulsory courses.
(c) Dividing the total weighted score by the total number or units.

(4) The cumulative Grade Average is the average of the Grade Points earned by the student in the programme. It is obtained by:

(a) Finding the total of Grade Points multiplied by the respective credit units for all the semesters, and
(b) Dividing that total by the total number of credits units for all the courses for which the student registered.